The Energy Strategy of the Basque Country 2030 (3E2030) was approved by the Governing Council in July 2016. The Department of Economic Development and Competitiveness has led the development of a new energy strategy, driven by the need to revise the objectives that had been set with the time horizon of 2020 and redefine these for the year 2030, in order to adapt to the new circumstances created by the evolution of the regulatory framework, technology, markets and energy consumption in recent years, marked by the international economic and financial crisis.
Energy Strategy For the Basque Country 2030
Objectives of the Basque Energy Strategy 3E2030
The Energy Strategy of the Basque Country 2030 (3E2030) defines the objectives and basic lines of action for the Basque Government in terms of its energy policy for the period 2016-2030. This strategy is part of a longer term vision which envisages an increasingly sustainable energy system in terms of competitiveness, security of supply and low carbon dependency.
The objectives set for 2030 are:
- Achieve primary energy savings of 1,250,000 toe per year between 2016 and 2030, equivalent to a saving of 17% in 2030. This would mean improving the energy intensity by 33% over the period.
- Increase the use of renewable energy by 126% to achieve a utilisation of 966,000 toe by 2030, which would mean achieving a 21% share of final consumption for renewable energy.
- Promote an exemplary commitment by the Basque public administration that allows a reduction in the energy consumption in its facilities by 25% in 10 years, with the installation of facilities utilising renewable energy in 25% of its buildings and also the incorporation of alternative vehicles in the vehicle pool and public services fleets.
- Achieve a 25% share for alternative energy use in road transport, contributing to the progressive breaking of the dependence on oil and the use of more sustainable vehicles.
- Increase the contribution of cogeneration and renewable energy for power generation so that this rises from 20% in 2015 to 40% in 2030.
- Improve the competitiveness of the network of companies, technology centres and Basque scientific agents, promoting 9 priority areas for research, technological and industrial development in the energy field, in line with the RIS3 strategy for smart specialisation in the Basque Country.
- Contribute to the mitigation of climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 3 Mt per year through energy measures, representing a reduction of 35% of energy-related GHG emissions relative to 2005.
Commitment time frame
The time frame for achieving the strategic and operational objectives that have been set is 15 years, but intermediate commitments for periods of 5 and 10 years have also established. Most of the actions proposed in the strategy will be implemented over the entire specified period.
In the industrial sector
The aim is to improve competitiveness in terms of energy costs and promote the progressive sustainability of energy consumption. The objective is to contribute to improving industry and to reducing its environmental impact by reducing energy consumption and promoting the use of more sustainable energy. Support for the implementation of complementary systems/equipment for the thermal use of renewable energy (solar thermal, geoexchange, biomass) is a line of action directed at maximising the use of renewable energy within industry, reducing its energy dependence and the overall energy costs, and reducing CO2 emissions..
In the transport sector
The objective is to reduce dependence on oil, and the basic strategy is to promote the use of alternative vehicles and the installation of the necessary recharging facilities. This commitment to replacing this fuel with other alternative energy sources also contributes to improving air quality and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. The actions include promoting sustainable mobility and the use of more efficient modes of transport, encouraging the use of public transport, the use of more efficient vehicles and the rational utilisation of these, as well as promoting the use of alternative fuels and technologies.
In buildings and homes
Progress must be made in the reduction of energy consumption, as well as increasing the incorporation of new installations utilising renewable energy for thermal and electrical self-consumption. These activities must be carried out both in homes and in the services sector, reducing the consumption and increasing the use of renewable energy in buildings and homes by promoting energy improvements in both, as well as training and awareness-raising activity regarding efficiency and energy management in buildings.
In the public sector
Special mention should be made of the commitment to promote a more energy efficient Basque public administration, which should serve as an example of rational management to reduce energy costs and to contribute to the mitigation of climate change and as a sector that mobilises investment.
In the energy sector
Electricity generation using renewable energy will be promoted in the Basque Country based on the criteria of economic and environmental sustainability, promoting industrial development in the sector. To achieve this goal, the capacity for the generation of renewable energy will be increased within a framework of institutional consensus and with criteria of sustainability, and the development of new renewable energy sources will be promoted. In addition, in line with the activity carried out in recent years, the studies, projects and analysis necessary to establish the presence of potential natural gas resources will continue, always within the framework of the existing legislation.
In the energy R&D&i sector
The Basque strategy for technological and industrial development in the energy field aims to consolidate the network of companies and scientific-technological agents and increase their competitiveness at a global level, based on the existing capabilities of Basque industry, in order to contribute to smart specialisation in the Basque Country (RIS3) and to create a source of wealth, employment and quality of life. This will be achieved by strengthening the position of the Basque companies that are the driving forces in this sector as technological leaders and by developing business activity in emerging energy fields and cross-cutting technologies.
Achieving the proposed energy targets will require an overall investment across all sectors of €4,930M during the period 2016-2030. Looking at individual areas, the investments to be made in energy efficiency (45%) and renewable energy (50%) stand out. The investment of the Basque Administration will be €920M.